Internet Virus Warning

	Gullibility Virus Spreading over the Internet!
	WASHINGTON, D.C.-The Institute for the Investigation of Irregular
	Internet Phenomena announced today that many Internet users are
	becoming infected by a new virus that causes them to believe without
	question every groundless story, legend, and dire warning that shows
	up in their inbox or on their browser.  The Gullibility Virus, as it
	is called, apparently makes people believe and forward copies of silly
	hoaxes relating to cookie recipes, e-mail viruses, taxes on modems, and
	get-rich-quick schemes.

	"These are not just readers of tabloids or people who buy lottery
	tickets based on fortune cookie numbers", a spokesman said.  "Most are
	otherwise normal people, who would laugh at the same stories if told
	to them by a stranger on a street corner".  However, once these same
	people become infected with the Gullibility Virus, they believe
	anything they read on the Internet.
	"My immunity to tall tales and bizarre claims is all gone", reported
	one weeping victim.  "I believe every warning message and sick child
	story my friends forward to me, even though most of the messages are
	Another victim, now in remission, added, "When I first heard about
	Good Times, I just accepted it without question.  After all, there
	were dozens of other recipients on the mail header, so I thought the	
	virus must be true".  It was a long time, the victim said, before she
	could stand up at a Hoaxees Anonymous meeting and state, "My name is
	Jane, and I've been hoaxed".  Now, however, she is spreading the word.
	"Challenge and check whatever you read," she says.

	Internet users are urged to examine themselves for symptoms of the
	virus, which include the following:
	-- The willingness to believe improbable stories without thinking.
	-- The urge to forward multiple copies of such stories to others.
	-- A lack of desire to take three minutes to check to see if a story 
		is true.

	T.C. is an example of someone recently infected. He told one reporter,
	"I read on the Net that the major ingredient in almost all shampoos
	makes your hair fall out, so I've stopped using shampoo".
	When told about the Gullibility Virus, T. C. said he would stop
	reading e-mail, so that he would not become infected.
	Anyone with symptoms like these is urged to seek help immediately.
	Experts recommend that at the first feelings of gullibility, Internet
	users rush to their favorite search engine and look up the item
	tempting them to thoughtless credence.  Most hoaxes, legends, and tall
	tales have been widely discussed and exposed by the Internet community.
	Courses in critical thinking are also widely available, and
	there is on-line help from many sources, including:
	-- Department of Energy Computer Incident Advisory Capability at
	-- Symantec Anti Virus Research Center at
	-- McAfee Associates Virus Hoax List at
	-- Dr. Solomons Hoax Page at
	-- The Urban Legends Web Site at
	-- Urban Legends Reference Pages at
	-- Datafellows Hoax Warnings at
	Those people who are still symptom free can help inoculate themselves
	against the Gullibility Virus by reading some good material on
	evaluating sources, such as:
	-- Evaluating Internet Research Sources at
	-- Evaluation of Information Sources at
	-- Bibliography on Evaluating Internet Resources at

	It *is* possible to design responsible alerts for people to circulate
	on the Internet.  Here is a how-to that draws positive conclusions
	from long experience with the evils of badly designed alerts:
	-- Designing Effective Action Alerts for the Internet at
	Lastly, as a public service, Internet users can help stamp out the
	Gullibility Virus by sending copies of this message to anyone who
	forwards them a hoax.

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